Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) is one of the critical challenge that adolescent girls face.
It results in monthly absenteeism of 3 to 7 days & poor performance in schools.
Majority of females in rural areas are too poor to buy sanitary pads.
Menstruation is seen as taboo by many communities.
Lack of sanitary pads increases susceptibility to infection.
The beneficial link between female education and lifetime health has never been in doubt; a better- educated girl takes better control of her life. She has healthier and fewer children. Moreover educated women participate in the labour market and eventually lift households out of poverty, with these benefits transmitting across generations.
Conversely, low education, poor health and nutrition have a magnified impact on the next generation, as malnourished girls become mothers and are at higher risk of maternal mortality, and of bearing low birth-weight babies.
One of the reasons the benefits to society of educated girls are not accruing is because communities have been slow in removing manacles such as the inaccessibility of sanitary protection, the social taboos related to menstruation, and the culture of silence that surrounds menstruation, especially in schools.
Lack of access to sanitary protection and towels disempowers girls, as they have to stay at home to avoid staining their clothes with blood in public. The cost of sanitary protection and towels is beyond the reach of many young women and girls, with most ending up missing school altogether during their menses.
We must see this as a violation of basic human rights when girls stay away from school because they fear the shame attributed to their menstruation or because they don’t have the means to maintain a healthy hygiene. Girls must no longer continue using old rags, towels, paper from their school books or even dirt or leaves to manage their bleeding.
The United Nations Population Fund in their report on 05.01.2016 have also considered the menstrual cycle Management as a question of human right.